Most of the communities that SOS Sahel supports in Sudan continue to live directly off the land, through farming, pastoralism, or a combination of the two. Therefore, much of our work revolves around strengthening traditional livelihoods by promoting effective and equitable management of sparse natural resources. In the context of an increasingly erratic climate and the appropriation or damage of productive land during war, we are also supporting viable alternatives to livelihoods that rely on environmental resources – for example vocational training for youths in construction and mechanics.
- Enabling pastoralist mobility through the participatory demarcation of livestock migration routes across farmland. In Kordofan, Sudan, this is particularly important to enable movement between wet and dry season grazing areas.
- Supporting local environmental associations to promote good management of natural resources. For example, retired teacher Hujo Saad in South Kordofan has received a laptop and projector from SOS Sahel to enable his association El-Gharis El-Tayeb (“Good Planting”) to publicise the dangers of encroaching desertification and to secure government commitment to promote environmental awareness.
- Vocational training for youths to provide viable alternatives to living directly off the land.
- Training in water harvesting and small-scale cultivation for impoverished Beja communities in Red Sea State, enabling them to recover from a crisis situation and to take advantage of development opportunities. Having lost their cattle herds to drought in the 80s, most Beja struggle to survive without the skills to cultivate.
- Support to Beja fishing groups to encourage them to diversify their food production across livestock, cultivation and fishing thereby reducing the risks associated with an unpredictable climate.
Our support to Hujo Saad, of environmental association El-Gharis El-Tayeb, has resulted in his environmental awareness work being recognised by the local government. The Ministry of Agriculture has even given him a motorcycle that he uses to travel further afield, tying a white sheet to trees on which he projects his presentations.
- Local Environmental Associations of South Kordofan
- Women and Youth Committees of South Kordofan
- Arba'at Development Association, Red Sea