What does 'Sahel' mean?
The Sahel is a geographic region in Africa. It stretches from Mauritania on Africa's Atlantic coast to the Sudan and Ethiopia on the Red Sea. It is bordered to the north by the Sahara Desert and to the south by tropical Africa. This region contains some of the poorest countries in the world, according to the United Nations' Human Development Index.
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What is a 'pastoralist'?
Pastoralists are those people whose way of life largely depends on mobile livestock-herding. A widely-used definition is that pastoralist households are those in which at least 50% of household revenue comes from livestock or livestock-related activities. In contrast, agro-pastoralists derive more than 50% of household gross revenue from farming and 10-50% from livestock (J. Swift, 1988, 'Major Issues in Pastoral Development with Special Emphasis on Selected African Countries', Rome: FAO).
Pastoralism is a social and economic system based on the raising and herding of livestock. It is particularly appropriate to dryland environments because it enables people to adapt by moving livestock according to the shifting availability of water and pasture.
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What does the 'SOS' in SOS Sahel UK stand for?
The 'SOS' in our name refers to the international Morse Code distress signal. The SOS Sahel International federation was born in response to the widespread drought in the Sahel region in the 1970s and 80s, therefore 'SOS' was used to rally international support for the region.
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Does SOS Sahel UK offer funding to other organisations?
At present, SOS Sahel UK only supports its current partner organisations in Sudan, South Sudan and Ethiopia. It cannot accept any unsolicited applications for funding.