SOS Sahel Sudan

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SOS Sahel Sudan is an experienced NGO supporting some of the most vulnerable communities in Sudan. See for more information, or read their strategy.

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Sudan is the third largest country in Africa and is home to approximately 40 million people – the majority of whom are farmers, pastoralists (nomadic herders) or agro-pastoralists who depend on farmland and rangeland for their livelihoods. It is a highly sensitive and complex country to work in and faces numerous development challenges. Climate change has worsened the process of soil erosion, recurrent drought and desertification, putting traditional ways of life under increasing pressure. A long history of civil wars and ongoing conflicts have worsened the insecurity and vulnerability of the population and caused massive loss of life and displacement.

SOS Sahel Sudan has been active in Sudan since 1985, originally as SOS Sahel UK’s country programme but since 2010 as an independent Sudanese NGO.  SOS Sahel Sudan staff, who are all Sundanese nationals, have a deep understanding of the context of Sudan and have built mutual trust with local and rural people. SOS Sahel Sudan works to tackle poverty, with a proven track record in the fields of natural resource management, capacity building of civil society, women’s empowerment, local conflict reduction, livelihoods and food security. SOS Sahel Sudan has developed a depth of local knowledge and relationships with local communities & government, which is integral to its work.


Below are some examples of past projects SOS Sahel UK implemented or managed in Sudan. Since 2014, when SOS Sahel Sudan became a fully independent organisation, SOS Sahel UK stopped implementing projects and instead provided a supporting role.

Village Extension Scheme, Shendi

This project was SOS Sahel’s first ever major project. It worked with villagers to establish shelterbelts (lines of trees to protect the land), and raised forestry awareness among villagers, using puppet shows as a new educational tool. This project, through various phases, lasted for over 10 years, and was the beginning of SOS Sahel’s long and successful love affair with Sudan.

Throughout the 1980s and 1990s, much of SOS Sahel Sudan’s work focused on sustainable forestry management in various regions in Sudan, but they also began working with Beja Families in the Red Sea State.

Khor Arbaat Rehabilitation Project, Red Sea State

This programme began in 1994 and was the first in this region. It worked with Beja farmers to set up sustainable water harvesting systems and improve agricultural production for Beja families, who are a nomadic tribe indigenous to this region of Sudan.

Over the years, this project was extended and adapted, focussing on empowering Beja women and improving food security in the area.

Conflict Reduction, North and South Kordofan

In 2000s, SOS Sahel Sudan did a lot of work on improving local peace building mechanisms, and avoiding incidences of conflict. This work was primarily focused in North and South Kordofan, but they also worked in other regions. The majority of this work focused on reducing incidences of conflicts between farmers and pastoralists over access to natural resources, in particular forests, grazing land, and water sources. They worked at several conflict ‘flashpoint’ sites in both North and South Kordofan, improving access to natural resources, such as water, and encouraging shared management of resources.

This work continues to be a priority for SOS Sahel Sudan today.

Sand Dam Programme, South Kordofan and North Darfur

As a tool to increase access to water, SOS Sahel have been building sand dams since 2010. Sand dam technology was transferred from Kenya and was the first of its kind in Sudan. Sand dams have proved to be relatively low cost to build and have been providing a reliable source of water year round. SOS Sahel Sudan have successfully built a series of sand dams across rural villages in South Kordofan State and North Darfur State, benefiting thousands of rural dwellers. They will continue to support communities to build sand dams across Sudan, maximising on this successful technology.

Agricultural & Fishery Production by Smallholders, Red Sea State

Maximising on SOS Sahel’s decades of experience in the Red Sea State, this project was a large, innovative EU-funded project, which ran from 2013 to 2018. Its primary aim was to improve food security, by improving the livelihoods of fisher folk and farmers in two localities in the Red Sea State. The project provided new technologies to farmers and fishermen, through a subsidised voucher system, and integrated training. The project improved productivity and income for the farmers and fishermen, improved the local food security in the area, and simultaneously supported the local private sector in the Red Sea State. Read more about the key achievements of the voucher system and lessons learned during this project.

These projects represent a sample of some of the most significant projects in Sudan during SOS Sahel UK’s life, but it is by no means a full list. SOS Sahel Sudan are continuing their work with vulnerable communities across Sudan. You can read more about what they are doing on their website.

Case studies


Abdul’s story

Abdul Rahman Mohammed Manuuk is a fisherman in Suakin locality, Red Sea State.

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ElTamraya 3_2

Eltamraya Village

Sand dams have helped thousands of people in Eltamraya Village, South Kordofan State.

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