In 2016, 2017 and 2018, SOS Sahel built a series of three dams (one per year) on the El Tamraya dry river, Kadugli.
This area is home to a diverse mix of Nubian, Arabian and African tribes, with livelihoods grounded in agriculture, pastoralism and small enterprises (such as brick making and selling tea). Since conflict erupted in South Kordofan in 2011, the area has also been a destination for internally displaced persons, who have settled in the locality and now share the limited water sources with the host community. Due to the growing population and the large number of livestock in the area, there is a great imbalance between the quantity of water available and the demand for human and animal drinking water and irrigation. Local conflicts can occur, particularly between farmers and pastoralists, due to the increasing competition on natural resources.
Three women, Zahara Daur Ibrahim, Taibor Taur Ibrahim, Hadija Bashir Dandun, live nearby and have already started reaping the benefits of these dams.
“The difference this dam has made to our lives is that we can now fetch water for cooking and drinking, whereas before we had no water and had to go very far and queue at the water yard. The animals also have water nearby now. Both farmers and pastoralists use the water that the dams have stored.
The water level in the ground has increased, we see this because in the hand dug well we use in the dry season water was at 10 metres below the ground and now it is at 2 metres. That hand-dug well now has water till April – almost till the next rains. Also we have seen places to scoop water from new ‘mashish’ (scoop holes) in the river bed. Our crops are growing better than they did before the dams – we think that is because more water is held underground. In the future, we are planning to have a fruit farm (limes, guavas, mango’s) and we also want to have a vegetable farm.”